O’Donoghue, P, Gruber, Karl, Bingaman Lackey, Laurie, Kitchener, Andrew C, O’Donoghue, Emily and Moodley, Yoshan (2017) Saving the mountain bongo (Tragelaphus eurycerus isaaci): assessment of the genetic status of captive bongos as a source for genetic reinforcement of wild populations. Journal of Zoo and Aquarium Research, 5 (3). pp. 123-130. ISSN 2214-7594

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Abstract

Fewer than 140 individuals of the rare and critically endangered mountain bongo (Tragelaphus
eurycerus isaaci) remain in the wild. This population has eroded genetic diversity, with only two
haplotypes detected with mitochondrial DNA markers. The genetic diversity of mountain bongos from
the European Endangered Species Programme (EEP) was assessed for this study. Genetic diversity of 10
captive individuals was measured by sequencing a portion of the mitochondrial DNA control region; the
resulting sequences were compared to published data from this subspecies and used to establish levels
of haplotype-sharing between wild and captive populations. Our data show that captive mountain
bongo populations harbour a rare haplotype that is found in less than 5% of individuals in some wild
populations and is absent in others. The findings suggest that captive individuals harbour valuable
genetic diversity, making them potentially valuable candidates for a reintroduction programme to
help reinforce the gene pools of wild populations. We further propose a two-way approach that also
involves introducing wild individuals into captive populations, with the goal of maintaining the genetic
health of both in situ and ex situ populations.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Tragelaphus eurycerus isaaci, microsatellites, bongo, One Plan Approach, genetic augmentation
Subjects: A General Works > AS Academies and learned societies (General)
D History General and Old World > DT Africa
G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > GE Environmental Sciences
Q Science > QL Zoology
Theme: Understanding the natural world
Department: Natural Sciences
Related URLs:
Depositing User: Ross Anderson
Date Deposited: 21 Sep 2017 13:31
Last Modified: 21 Sep 2017 13:31
URI: http://repository.nms.ac.uk/id/eprint/1894

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