Holmes, Nicholas (Research Associate) (2017) The coins. In: Dalland, M. 'Discovering the King’s Wall: Excavations at 144–166 Cowgate, Edinburgh'. Scottish Archaeology Internet Report 69. Scottish Archaeological Internet Reports (69). pp. 40-41. ISSN e2056-7421

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This report details the discovery of a late medieval building and the remains of extensive walls running along the north side of Cowgate, excavated in advance of a housing development. The wall remains were dated to the late 14th century and are believed to have been part of Edinburgh’s early town defences. Edinburgh’s medieval town wall is referred to as the ‘King’s wall’ and is linked to a James II charter of 1450. However, there are references to the King’s wall in property documents as early as 1427, indicating that a town wall had been built prior to the charter of 1450. The remains uncovered at Cowgate are likely to be part of this early town wall. Previously the line of the King’s wall was thought to have been located approximately halfway up the slope between Cowgate and the High Street. In view of the new discoveries a revised line is proposed that runs further south along the north side of Cowgate. The clay-bonded stone building was constructed up against the north side of the wall, probably in the late 15th century. It may have been an animal shed, possibly a stable that was the only medieval stone building erected in this area along Cowgate, leaving most of the site as open wasteland as described in late medieval documents. It was replaced by more substantial mortared buildings at the beginning of the 17th century.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Full text version freely available at the official URL
Subjects: C Auxiliary Sciences of History > CC Archaeology
C Auxiliary Sciences of History > CJ Numismatics
D History General and Old World > DA Great Britain
N Fine Arts > NA Architecture
N Fine Arts > NK Decorative arts Applied arts Decoration and ornament
Theme: Material culture: creation and use
Department: Scottish History and Archaeology (from 2012)
Related URLs:
Depositing User: Ross Anderson
Date Deposited: 12 Mar 2018 15:25
Last Modified: 15 Mar 2018 10:38
URI: http://repository.nms.ac.uk/id/eprint/2012

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