Young, Mark T, Steel, Lorna, Brusatte, Stephen L (Research Associate), Foffa, Davide and Lepage, Yves (2014) Tooth serration morphologies in the genus Machimosaurus (Crocodylomorpha, Thalattosuchia) from the Late Jurassic of Europe. Royal Society Open Science. ISSN 2054-5703

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Machimosaurus was a large-bodied durophagous/chelonivorous genus of teleosaurid crocodylomorph that lived in shallow marine and brackish ecosystems during the Late Jurassic. Among teleosaurids, Machimosaurus and its sister taxon ‘Steneosaurus’ obtusidens are characterized by having foreshortened rostra, proportionally enlarged supratemporal fenestrae and blunt teeth with numerous apicobasal ridges and a shorter anastomosed ridged pattern in the apical region. A recent study on ‘S.’ obtusidens dentition found both true denticles and false serrations (enamel ridges which contact the carinae). Here, we comprehensively describe and figure the dentition of Machimosaurus, and find that Machimosaurus buffetauti and Machimosaurus hugii have four types of serration or serration-like structures, including both denticles and false denticles on the carinae. The denticles are irregularly shaped and are not always discrete units, whereas the false denticles caused by the interaction between the superficial enamel ridges and the carinae are restricted to the apical region. Peculiarly, the most ‘denticle-like’ structures are discrete, bulbous units on the apicobasal and apical anastomosed ridges of M. hugii. These ‘pseudo-denticles’ have never, to our knowledge, previously been reported among crocodylomorphs, and their precise function is unclear. They may have increased the surface area of the apical region and/or strengthened the enamel, both of which would have been advantageous for a durophagous taxon feeding on hard objects such as turtles.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: dental morphology, enamel ridges, Europe, Machimosaurus, ‘pseudo-denticles’, Teleosauridae
Subjects: D History General and Old World > D History (General) > D901 Europe (General)
Q Science > QE Geology
Q Science > QL Zoology
R Medicine > RK Dentistry
Theme: Understanding the natural world
Department: Natural Sciences
Related URLs:
Depositing User: Ross Anderson
Date Deposited: 17 Sep 2018 14:11
Last Modified: 09 Oct 2018 15:42

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