Shaw, Mark R (Research Associate), Jennings, M T and Quicke, D L J (2011) The identity of Scambus planatus (Hartig, 1838) and Scambus ventricosus (Tschek, 1871) as seasonal forms of Scambus calobatus (Gravenhorst, 1829) in Europe (Hymenoptera, Ichneumonidae, Pimplinae, Ephialtini). Journal of Hymenoptera Research, 23. pp. 55-64. ISSN 1314-2607
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Through both natural and experimental rearings, supported by DNA sequence data (CO1, ITS2 and EF1α) as well as examination of material in collections, it is shown that the European nominal taxa Scambus planatus and Scambus ventricosus comprise the spring-emerging generation of Scambus calobatus, the typical form of which occurs as adults in late summer and autumn. The “planatus” form is shown to be the teneral (unhardened) version of the “ventricosus” form. The following synonymies are proposed: Scambus calobatus (Gravenhorst, 1829) = S. planatus (Hartig, 1838), syn. n. = S. ventricosus (Tschek, 1871), syn. n. Molecular data point to incidental natural rearings of a further two species, represented by single specimens.
|Uncontrolled Keywords:||Parasitoid, synonymy, Quercus, acorns, Cydia, Curculio, Acrobasis, Microtypus, Janus|
|Subjects:||Q Science > QL Zoology|
|Theme:||Understanding the natural world|
|Depositing User:||Users 15 not found.|
|Date Deposited:||21 Apr 2013 14:00|
|Last Modified:||04 Nov 2014 09:46|
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